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Early Years

Early Years Curriculum – The Foundation Stage

In their reception year the children continue to follow the Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum which they began at pre-school or nursery. The curriculum is based upon the following seven areas of learning and development:


Prime Areas:

Communication and Language
Physical Development
Personal, Social and Emotional Development


Specific Areas:

Understanding of the World
Expressive Arts and Design


The curriculum is carefully planned around termly topics and includes first hand experiences, planned play activities and a variety of increasingly more formal tasks. The children’s development is closely monitored and as they progress they begin to work on elements of national curriculum in preparation for Year One. At the end of the reception year the children’s progress is assessed using the national Early Years Foundation Stage Profile which provides a clear indication of each child’s strengths, any areas for development and characteristics of their learning.


When compiling the profile, practitioners must review the evidence gathered in order to make a judgement for each child and for each of the 17 Early Learning Goals found within the seven areas of learning. The judgement must say whether the child’s learning and development is:

  • best described by the level of development expected at the end of the EYFS (‘expected’)

  • not yet at the level of development expected at the end of the EYFS (‘emerging’)

  • beyond the level of development expected at the end of the EYFS (‘exceeding’)


Children are defined as having reached a good level of development at the end of the EYFS in the reception year if they have achieved at least the expected level for the ELGs in:

  • the prime areas of learning – personal, social and emotional development, physical development, and communication and language
  • the specific areas of mathematics and literacy

Curriculum Presentation for Parents